MINERAL MINING BY DEAD SEA WORKS AND ARAB POTASH COMPANY
The Israelis operate through the Dead Sea Works (DSW), a 90 percent
subsidiary of Israel Chemical Ltd. (ICL).
The Jordanian operation is conducted by Arab Potash Company (APC),
which is owned by a consortium of Middle East governments, principally Jordan. DSW’s annual
production of potash is about 2.2 mm tons.
The production process of the minerals (mainly potash, which is used for agricultural
fertilizer), is based on precipitation of the minerals on the bottom of man-made evaporation
bonds, dredging the minerals by large, auger-style dredges and processing it into fine material.
An essential part of the process is minimizing the precipitation of table salt (NaCl) in the
last of the evaporation ponds. Therefore, the first phase of processing is pumping the water
from the sea into an artificial 80 sq. km pond. In this pond, the brine, with a minimal content
of NaCl is pumped into the final production ponds.
This is a review of the three proposed alignments for the Dead Sea project by Dr. Michael Beyth,
Chief Scientist of the Ministry of National Infrastructures, government of Israel. He does not
include a comparison with the Ezekiel's Water Project concept, as he was not aware of the
proposal at the time. None of these three proposals compares favorably with the Ezekiel's Water
The Red Sea and the Mediterranean Dead Sea canals project
by Michael Beyth
In the framework of the peace treaty between Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan the
integrated development Master Plan for the Jordan Rift Valley (JRV) was studied in the mid
1990's. The Red Sea - Dead Sea Canal (RSDSC) was considered to be one of the most important
potential elements for implementing this Master Plan. The principal development objective of
the RSDSC was to provide desalinated drinking water for the people of the area (the Harza JRV
http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/mfaarchive/2000_2009/2002/8/The Red Sea and the Mediterranean Dead Sea canals
JORDAN WATER SUPPLY BACKGROUND
The scarcity of water in Jordan is widely seen as the single most important restriction on
the country's sustainable economic growth, particularly given the increasing population, which
was nearly 5.5 million in July 2003 and growing at a yearly rate of 2.78%. About 70% of the
population is urban, with 2 million living within the Greater Amman area.
The country's annual water demand currently exceeds 1 billion m³ and is projected to rise to
over 1.3 billion m³ by 2005, having nearly doubled since the mid-90s. Jordan's renewable water
resources can supply around 750 million m³/year, leaving an annual deficit which has grown
steadily, despite the huge programme of investment in the water sector, from 222 million m³ in
1995 to a predicted 251million m³ by 2011. The current annual allowance of 200m³ per capita lags
significantly behind other countries in the region, being around 65% less than that available in
Israel and Syria and 85% less than Egypt.
The dying Dead Sea -
The Tennessee Valley Authority Raccoon Mountain Pumped Storage Plant near Chattanooga, TN,
USA, has similar elevation and capacity as that planned for the Ezekiel's Water Project
hydroelectric plant. This shows the validity of the hydroelectic plans for the Ezekiel's Water
Project, and played a key role in the original design concept for the project. Randolph Gonce
lives near the Raccoon Mountain TVA plant, and has visited the project several times. -
Wind power developments in Jordan show the feasibility of planning pumped storage reservoirs
for generation of electricity at needed times, pumping the water with electric energy generated
by wind turbines on the mountains east of the Dead Sea. -
Pictures and text illuminating the Dead Sea
Former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres believes that peaceful coexistance is possible
between Palestinians and Israelis in the Great Rift Valley south of the Dead Sea.
Read the transcript
The government of Jordan is developing a plan for privatization of water supply for the nation.
Water needs from the Palestinian perspective: